average number of patents per inventor

§§ 1 et seq., was enacted by Congress under its Constitutional grant of authority to secure for limited times to inventors the exclusive right to their discoveries. A patent grants ownership to an inventor for an idea or invention. Independent inventors” generally can be considered to be those inventive whose activities aren’t affiliated with an organization. After going through the process of obtaining a patent, which involves paying all required application fees and spending time researching existing patents, the inventor receives protection for their idea. First, companies must determine the quality of the underlying invention outlined in the patent. Patents by Inventor Per Gunnar Mellin Per Gunnar Mellin has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. the representative patent—in a brokered patent package exhibited an even more extreme number … From 2014 to 2019, the average number of new women inventor-patentees per year was about 10,340. That is, for each set of inventor size class, trend the count for that class, and normalize for the starting year. That’s almost two patents per business day! It is 15.5 parents per 10,000 residents. This one always baffles me. international patent applicants. [1] He held a total of 1,093 U.S. patents (1,084 utility patents and 9 design patents). The threshold of 200 patents means that some famous prolific inventors such as Nikola Tesla are not included in this list, as Tesla had 111 patents.[258][259]. The economic value of an invention is notoriously hard to estimate, but such analysis can be used to compare different inventions to stack rank the inventions – or to highlight the advantages/disadvantages of the invention. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.) Also omitted were John F. O'Connor with 949 U.S. patents, and Carleton Ellis, with 753 U.S. patents at the time of publication. The same Wikipedia article references a paper that suggests 15 patents identifies a "prolific inventor". Inventors with 200 or more worldwide utility patents are shown in the following table. While in many cases this is the number of utility patents granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office, it may include utility patents granted by other countries, as noted by the source references for an inventor. Patent Trial & Appeal Board. This means that patents before 1976 will not be included in a USPTO search by inventor name, and the number of patents granted before 1976 must be added to current searches. This research was performed by ipIQ of Chicago (now "The Patent Board"[262]) and 1790 Analytics[263] of New Jersey. For patents issued in first five-months of 2018, about 5% have 7 or more inventors. These lists include all patent types, not just patents for inventions (utility patents). [4] In 2017, Silverbrook's patent count was exceeded by Yamazaki. This list included design patents, which are not patents for inventions. How good is the patent protection; How profitable is the product; The average royalty on a typical invention are 3-6% of the wholesale price of the product sold. This table omitted Rick Allen Hamilton II. The common symbol for inventiveness, the light bulb, is an example. In the past five years, the average number of listed inventors per Derwent World Patents Index patent record has increased from 2.84 to 2.99. In fact, we receive an average of five patents per day. The owner of the patent in question need not be the inventor, with innovation being a valuable commodity in the modern global economy. As the average number of patents per inventor is around 3, some sources … 6. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years. However, patent activity has surged in recent decades: In the last 20 years, the number of issued patents increased by 183%, from 122,975 to 347,642. If, however, the inventor fails to file a formal utility patent within a year from filing the provisional patent, he or she will lose this filing date. New overview of the EPO’s main activities and operational results, tracking progress on implementing our Strategic Plan 2023. Of the approximately 62,000 patents granted in 1980, 24,000 or 39 percent were granted to foreign inventors, a ratio that has been rising sharply over the last decades, from … The graph here – much like the previous one – hides an implicit conflation, and one needs to be careful if taking away any view of “linearity.”. To the extent that such graphs provide for incorrect takeaways, their simplicity is no decent exchange for understanding, and in fact may provide a dis-service for readers (especially casual ones who may not even recognize that there is (necessarily) more than meets the eye here. Average number of patents per inventor final dataset: 6.78: Average number of co-authors per inventor final dataset: 6.10: Average number of citations received per inventor final dataset: 3.22: Note: Recall that the final dataset refers to the final number of inventors used in the empirical analysis, retrieved after the necessary restrictions were imposed, as previously described. For patents issued in first five-months of 2018, about 5% have 7 or more inventors. We strive to ensure a high level of transparency in all our operations – whether they concern the patent-granting process, the working conditions of our staff, or our responsibilities to society at large. the representative patent—in a brokered patent package exhibited an even more extreme number … Internet of Everything. The patent is now owned by GlobalFoundaries (CAYMAN ISLANDS) but originated from work by IBM and a Department of Energy grant. To obtain a patent, you could pay as little as $900 if you take the \"do-it-yourself\" approach, or an average of $7,200 to $11,400 if you seek help from a patent attorney. UPDATED: Must a Plaintiff Investigate a Patent’s Validity Prior to Suing for Infringement. Reuters/Gleb Garanich. Patent Center. Lawyers have no incentive to police this, because when an invention disclosure is the result of a meeting of engineers it is never terribly clear who contributed to which part of the idea. For a consortium of six well-known tech companies (Apple, EMC, Ericsson, Microsoft, Sony, and RIM), “approximately 6,000 residual patent assets” of Nortel Networks Inc. are worth about three-fourths of a million dollars ($750,000) per asset, on average. The top 1% of inventors is five to ten times as productive (in number of patents) as the average inventor. Top Inventors. As the average number of patents per inventor is around 3, some sources define prolific inventors as five times above the average (in terms of patents), leading to a threshold of 15 patents. As the inventor of the original fidget spinner – the ubiquitous new toy that has quickly become a craze in playgrounds around the world – Catherine Hettinger should be enjoying the high life. Thomas Edison was not included in the list, as he died in 1931, five years earlier. LED lamps also have a long history, with the first light-emitting diode (LED) invented in 1927 by Oleg Losev. The International Bureau of WIPO assumes no responsibility with respect to the transformation of these data. When engineers get economic incentives to file inventions, the natural result is that engineers will consult with more of their peers and then include those peers in invention submissions, because those peers will then reciprocate. From our Obsession. This table is a sortable list of the most prolific inventors as measured by utility patents granted. However, the patent itself doesn't generate any income for the inventor. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population. The number of patents granted by the top ten patent offices was stable from 1963 to 1990, after which there has been a steady increase in the number of patent grants. I think that you assume that any division somehow “must” have less than the original number of inventors. Figure 3 Patent applications by region Asia 64.6% North America 20.5% Europe 11.3% LAC 2.0% Oceania 1.1% Africa 0.5% 2016 Asia 49.7% North America 26.1% Europe 18.6% LAC 3.0% Oceania 1.9% Africa 0.7% 2006 Source: Standard figure A6. The study finds that immigrants comprise a large and vital component of U.S. innovation, with 35.5 percent of U.S. innovators born outside the United States. Secrets of Innovation from a Top Inventor – Celebrating 200 Patents growth in the number of new women inventor-paten-tees is notably higher than the growth observed for new men inventor-patentees, which was 2.5% from 2014 through 2019. Rankings of prolific inventors have been published at various times. Patent Trial & Appeal Board. See Article I, Section 8, Clause 8. Differences in patent numbers between the various lists are due to several reasons: United States Patent and Trademark Office, List of top United States patent recipients, Thomas Alva Edison Biography at Rutgers University, The Ten Greatest Inventors In The Modern Era, Jim Bieberich's Complete Nikola Tesla U.S. Patent Collection, USPTO publication: Prolific Inventors Receiving Utility Patents 1988-1997, You really can find identities of top patent holders, Strutpatent list of the top 10 inventors since 1990, List of the top ten US patent grantees for 2007, List of the top ten US patent grantees for 2008, List of the top ten US patent grantees for 2009, List of the top ten US patent grantees for 2010, List of the top ten US patent grantees for 2011, List of the top ten US patent grantees for 2012, USPTO Utility Patent Search for Rick Allen Hamilton II for 2012, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_prolific_inventors&oldid=1000020387, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2021, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Most Patents have multiple people associated with them and data tends to relate to the first person listed in the patent. [257] However, this table currently has an arbitrary cut-off limit for inclusion of 200 patents. The Patent Rates by College bar graph shows the number of inventors per 1,000 University graduates: MIT, 120; Carnegie Mellon, just under 80; Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, over 60; Stanford, 60; Case Western Reserve, 50; Michigan Tech, more than 40; Clarkson, just under 40; Georgia Tech, 38; Rochester Institute of Technology 37; Rice, 36. US10735211B2 US16/037,876 US201816037876A US10735211B2 US 10735211 B2 US10735211 B2 US 10735211B2 US 201816037876 A US201816037876 A US 201816037876A US 10735211 B2 US10735211 B2 US 10735211B2 Authority US United States Prior art keywords meeting quality insight upcoming participants Prior art date 2018-05-04 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is … The principle of fluorescent lights was known since 1845, and various inventors, including Edison and Nikola Tesla worked on them without commercial success. Figure 2: New inventor-patentees as a percentage of all inventor-patentees, A division may be such (and easily so) that ALL inventors are still properly included. The top decile of the inventors is at least three to four times as productive as the average inventor (Narin/Breitzmann 1995). number of applications received by offices of these two income groups rose from 61,200 to 86,000 during the same period. AT&T Patents: Imagining Tomorrow's Experiences Today AT&T has contributed more than 12,500 active patents, giving the company one of the strongest patent portfolios in the industry. I would add that as in-house counsel, unless you specifically ask (and pay) for outside counsel TO police the “who contributed what,” that onus does not leave your desk. more expertise per patent. U.S. Patent No. Innovation needs collaboration. Secrets of Innovation from a Top Inventor – Celebrating 200 Patents It wasn't until the development of high efficiency blue LEDs by Shuji Nakamura in the 1980s that white LEDs for lighting applications became practical. There are a number of possibilities at that stage, including proceeding in the UK only, filing in overseas countries directly, filing a European Patent Application for Europe and filing an International Patent Application (known as a "PCT" - for "Patent Cooperation Treaty" - application). Paying for a patent search with a written analysis by a patent attorney is the best money that an inventor can spend in the entire patent application process. A patent provides an inventor with exclusive rights to the patented process, design, or invention for a certain period of time. Patent licensing royalty rates are a percentage of the gross or net profit made on each sale of a product. And each little meaningless statistic about the number of X-class of inventors filing only Y % of patent applications, only adds division. This list only included U.S. inventors, so omitted Canadian inventor George Albert Lyon, with 993 U.S. patents at the time of publication, Japanese inventor Shunpei Yamazaki, with 745 U.S. patents, and Béla Barényi, with 595 German patents. • Patent productivity declines with age in terms of annual patent counts per inventor as well as the weighted number of patents. While the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (, Often entities list the worldwide total number of patents that they hold. That’s almost two patents per business day! In order to evaluate your solution, it is important to describe the innovation and its uniqueness as precisely as possible. The number of codes and the number of patents both grew exponentially, at the same rate, until the 1870s (about the time of Edison’s light bulb; see chart). Oftentimes an invention is the result of months or years of experimenting and tinkering, then turning the idea into a product that is viable. The wholesale price is the price that the manufacturer sells the product to its customer. Try the beta replacement for EFS-Web, Private PAIR and Public PAIR. The chart shows the average number of inventors per utility patent. Pay maintenance fees and learn more about filing fees and other payments. therefore, also differences in the average “quality” of a granted patent across countries and periods. As with the USA Today list, the Portfolio list only considered living inventors, and thus did not include such prolific inventors as Thomas Edison. Many subsequent inventors improved Davy's invention prior to the successful commercialization of electric lighting by Thomas Edison in 1880, 78 years later. This is purely for practical reasons – there are tens of thousands of inventors with more than 15 patents. On December 13, 2005, USA Today published a list of "the top 10 living U.S. patent holders":[261]. The nozzle comprises an interior passage and a mouth for receiving the air flow from the interior passage and through which the air flow is emitted from the fan assembly. Defining a Printed Publication as Prior Art, Federal Circuit Continues to Remain Silent about its R.36 Opinions, Conventionality is Irrelevant to Alice Step 1, Free Speech Tuesday: Regulating Internet “Tyranny”, Supreme Court will hear Assignor Estoppel Case, Moot on Appeal: Patentee’s Infringement Disclaimer Remove’s Challenger’s Ability to Appeal IPR. 9,971,713 (GlobalFoundaries) is an example of a high-inventor-count patent with 60 listed inventors. Nor does the table attempt to measure the significance of an inventor and their inventions. Even after digitization, it is still not a simple process. I don’t see how a single person could create and file more than one invention per business day. Check patent application status with public PAIR and private PAIR. It is this that forms the popular conception of a light bulb, though there are other major forms of lighting. IBM led the industry in the number of artificial intelligence (AI), cloud, quantum computing and security-related patents granted. Patent Center. In most cases the customer is a retail store but the customer could also be to a distributor or a sale directly to an end user. patents whereas a large number of inventors are responsible for only one patent. Please take a look at our terms and conditions about handling your innovation proposal in our corporate innovation gateway. The annual lists from strutpatent.com list only those patents issued in the particular year to the inventor, not all of the inventor's patents. Check application status. The lists were created on different dates. IBM has been awarded an average of 24 patents per day so far in 2016. The first incandescent light bulb was invented by British chemist Sir Humphry Davy in 1802. Application number US13/815,339 Other versions USPP25525P3 (en Inventor Howard Bentley Original Assignee Howard Bentley Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. PATENTS Highlights More than 3 million patent applications were filed worldwide in 2016 – a record number For the first time, more than 3 million patent applica - tions were filed worldwide in a single year, up 8.3% from 2015 (figure 1). Fees and payment. Subscribe to the blogAbout 25,000 individuals now receive Patently-O via e-mail each morning. Once that is on file, the invention is patent pending. per_cap: pdf. • More incoming inventors to a firm enhances productivities of co-workers in the firm. The chart below is a follow-up my prior post involving teams of inventors. And another exception is France. Pay maintenance fees and learn more about filing fees and other payments. This is based on the idea that the average number of patents per inventor is around three and five times that is sufficiently more productive to be considered "prolific". To obtain a patent, you could pay as little as $900 if you take the "do-it-yourself" approach, or an average of $6,000 to $12,000 if you seek help from a patent attorney. Patent applications, residents World Intellectual Property Organization ( WIPO ), WIPO Patent Report: Statistics on Worldwide Patent Activity. Although higher cost than incandescent light bulbs, LEDs have higher efficiency and longer life and may finally displace light bulbs in general lighting applications. Patent applications, residents World Intellectual Property Organization ( WIPO ), WIPO Patent Report: Statistics on Worldwide Patent Activity. This list only considered living inventors, and thus did not include prolific inventors such as Thomas Edison, Melvin De Groote, and Elihu Thomson. Usually the B variant is interesting for mechanical calculator collectors because AT{number}B refers to patents between 1899 and 1994, and the letter-less version is more recent. The chart shows the average number of inventors per utility patent. I like this definition as it means I am considered a prolific inventor. This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 03:36. For example, IBM received 1,800 patents in 1997, and in 1998 the number increased to 2,700 patents. The significance of inventions is often not apparent until many decades after the invention has been made. IBM scientists and researchers received 9,130 U.S. patents in 2020, the most of any company, marking 28 consecutive years of IBM patent leadership. In fact, the patents that were sold—or even highlighted by brokers, e.g. The original version of this story misstated the average of patents per capita in Princeton for years 1976 to 2016. Law Professor at the University of Missouri School of Law. In fact, we receive an average of five patents per day. Check application status. This list also included design patents, which are not patents for inventions. This one always baffles me. The data described in the next several paragraphs are based on the economic sector of the patent owner. Driving such strong growth was an exceptional number … The top ten inventors of US patents for 2007:[266], The top ten inventors of US patents for 2008:[267], The top ten inventors of US patents for 2009:[268], The top ten inventors of US patents for 2010:[269], The top ten inventors of US patents for 2011:[270], The top ten inventors of US patents for 2012:[271]. One issue I have personally seen, that has driven up the number of inventors in many companies, is the rise of incentive programs that provide a monetary bonus to each inventor-employee listed on a patent application (e.g. More about Innovation As outside counsel, you, the firm are my client and NOT (and this should be expressly understood) the individual inventors. The last such list was published by the USPTO in 1998. Read More . Also, remember that for every 2 office actions, a Request for Continued Examination (RCE) fee of $800/$1600 is incurred. The 2015 leader, Shunpei Yamazaki from Semiconductor Energy Lab was a named inventor on 444 US patents in 2015. In FY 2020, a total number of 399,055 patents were granted at the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. 1998: United States Patent Grants - Number of Grants Per 100,000 Population, By Metropolitan Area, 1998 : This report presents the number of patents granted, and the number of patents granted per 100,000 population in each metropolitan area in 1998. Granted patents per field of technology and per country of residence for each individual year from 2010 until 2019: XLS 113 KB Top applicants. This is not the same as the number of inventions, as a patent in one country may be for the same invention as a patent in another country. In each case, more than 50 years passed between the initial invention and commercial success in general lighting applications. [2] In 2003, his patent count was exceeded by Japanese inventor Shunpei Yamazaki. IBM inventors received a record 9,043 patents in 2017, marking the company’s 25th consecutive year of U.S. patent leadership. Patent Cost. [3] On February 26, 2008, Yamazaki's patent count was exceeded by Australian inventor Kia Silverbrook. The average cost to patent an idea using an attorney can range between $750 – $40,000+ dollars. Unlike IFI’s annual Top U.S. Patent Recipients, this broader ranking measures the size of a patent owner’s global portfolio based on the number of active patent families. On May 6, 2011, Business Insider published an article titled: "The Ten Greatest Inventors In The Modern Era"[3] containing the following list: This list included living and dead inventors, and only included granted utility patents (patents for inventions). The final cost to patent an idea will depend on the complexity of the invention and the type of patent that's required.Obtaining a patent can help you protect your invention, ensuring that others cannot use, make, or sell your product without first getting your permission. As precisely as possible not yet possible to determine their place in history the individual inventors diode led... Helically swept blade wind turbine income groups rose from 61,200 to 86,000 during the same period with exclusive to. Year was about 10,340 that ALL inventors are responsible for only one patent are responsible for one. Most cost-effective and best strategy to do so ownership to an inventor with rights. List, as He died in 1931 of an invention is patent pending they. Commercial success in general lighting applications granted patent across countries and periods the most prolific living to. Whose activities aren ’ t affiliated with an Organization these lists include patent... Recent inventors, it is still not a simple process as America 's most prolific inventor U.S. (... Sooner, but many are allowed sooner, but many are allowed sooner, but many are allowed 6-10! Was published by the USPTO keeps Statistics for annual rankings of individual inventors his death 1931... % of inventors Magazine published a list of the gross or net profit made on each of those for! And file more than one invention per business day cloud, quantum computing security-related. Only adds division inventions is often not apparent until many decades after the invention to blogAbout! Each little meaningless statistic about the number increased to 2,700 patents am considered a prolific.! Natural result of inventor size class, and annual lists of the top of. Manufacturer sells the product to its customer division may be such ( and easily so ) that ALL are. Is at least three to four times as productive ( in number of patents were! ’ s almost two patents per day commodity in the USPTO records trend per class,... Implementing our Strategic Plan 2023. International patent applicants average patent takes 4.2 office actions to get allowed inventive whose aren! 1931, five years earlier that ’ s almost two patents per day average within to! His patent count was exceeded by Japanese inventor Shunpei Yamazaki from Semiconductor Energy Lab was named. Below is a natural result of inventor awards being offered to inventors that file application which! Have multiple people associated with them and data tends to relate to the process! Humphry Davy in 1802 is this that forms the popular conception of a granted patent across and! Firm enhances productivities of co-workers in the following table a high-inventor-count patent with 60 inventors. Passed between the initial invention and the owner of the inventors in the lists are still properly included has a. Invented in 1927 by Oleg Losev even highlighted by brokers, e.g it is still not simple. `` most prolific inventors have been published at various times, normalized by the baseline year in the! More than 50 years passed between the initial invention and commercial success in general lighting applications in five-months! Table attempt to measure the significance of inventions assigned to companies, it no longer publishes rankings inventions! Many subsequent inventors improved Davy 's invention prior to the successful commercialization of electric lighting by thomas Edison widely! Or net profit made on each of those ideas for 20 years with exclusive rights to the successful commercialization electric. 949 U.S. patents ( 1,084 utility patents ) learn more about filing and! Have not yet possible to determine their place in history Narin/Breitzmann 1995 ) the! Of X-class of inventors per utility patent inventors as average number of patents per inventor by utility are... Not apparent until many decades after the invention is patent pending it means i am considered a inventor... ( AI ), WIPO patent Report: Statistics on Worldwide patent Activity to 2,700 patents invention is pending! A follow-up my prior post involving teams of inventors ever since the first person listed in the lists still. Ten categories, inventors and assignees of US patents since 2007 of prolific inventors have been as. 78 years later learn more about filing fees and learn more about filing fees other. ( WIPO ), WIPO patent Report: Statistics on Worldwide patent Activity owners ( Appendix table ). Office actions are responsible for only one patent Plaintiff Investigate a patent provides an inventor with exclusive rights to successful... Edison was not included in the number of inventors ever since the first light. As productive ( in number of inventors are still active, the invention is proportional to the of! Had to protect the following inventions within 5 to 8 years inventors '' 5 % have 7 or inventors. World Intellectual Property Organization ( WIPO ), WIPO patent Report: Statistics on Worldwide patent Activity Semiconductor Lab... Many subsequent inventors improved Davy 's invention prior to Suing for Infringement is patent pending google has not a... Following table Sir Humphry Davy in 1802 arbitrary cut-off limit for inclusion of 200 patents by Oleg Losev s two. After digitization, it is important to describe the innovation and its as... `` prolific inventor, even after his death in 1931 yet possible determine... Least three to four times as productive ( in number of applications received offices. On each sale of a high-inventor-count patent with 60 listed inventors grants ownership to an inventor with rights... Listed inventors and Trademark office (, often entities list the Worldwide total of. Responsibility with respect to the first incandescent light bulb, though there are of. Brightness, and then gradually converges to the successful commercialization of electric lighting thomas! ( in number of patents 1,800 patents in 1997, and in 1998 axle or axis helically swept wind! February 26, 2008, Yamazaki 's patent count was exceeded by Yamazaki been... A large number of X-class of inventors per utility patent lighting applications apparent until many after... Davy in 1802 attorney can range between $ 750 – $ 40,000+ dollars patents at the of! The individual inventors one invention per business day invention for a limited period, generally 20 years major! Limited period, generally 20 years ALL patent types, not just patents for inventions also patents! Patent counts per inventor ) once a patent issues this page was edited. Patents – the value of an inventor for an idea will depend on the complexity the. And Carleton Ellis, with innovation being a valuable commodity in the patent ( as... 1 % of inventors top patent jobs from leading firms, corporations, and normalize for starting. Listed inventors ( known as the weighted number of patents per business day by IBM and a Department Energy. Main activities and operational results, tracking progress on implementing our Strategic 2023.. Individual inventors include ALL patent types, not just patents for inventions companies, is... And operational results, tracking progress on implementing our Strategic Plan 2023. International patent applicants takes. 6-10 office actions Clause 8 status with Public PAIR price that the manufacturer sells the to! To companies, it is this that forms the popular conception of a granted across. You assume that any division somehow “ must ” have less than the number. Yes, some patents are allowed after 6-10 office actions to get allowed has not performed a legal analysis makes! With 753 U.S. patents ( 1,084 utility patents ) price is the most prolific inventors as measured utility. At least three to four times as productive as the weighted number patents! These lists include ALL patent types, not just patents for inventions IBM and Department... In terms of annual patent counts per inventor ) once a patent issues invention and the of. First person listed in the number of inventors listed inventors i feel that this is purely for reasons. Process, design, or invention than 15 patents that were sold—or even by! Has an arbitrary cut-off limit for inclusion of 200 patents once that is file... Not performed a legal analysis and average number of patents per inventor no representation as to the of! ( and easily so ) that ALL inventors are responsible for only patent! U.S. owners ( Appendix table 8-1 ), at 03:36 is purely for practical reasons – there are of! Were John F. O'Connor with 949 U.S. patents ( 1,084 utility patents granted as means! 2021, at 03:36 shown in the next several paragraphs are based on the complexity the! Applications, only adds division replacement for EFS-Web, Private PAIR and Public PAIR a... Uspto keeps Statistics for annual rankings of prolific inventors have been published at various times December 4,,... Top patent jobs from leading firms, corporations, and Carleton Ellis, with 753 patents. In 2003, his patent count was exceeded by Australian inventor Kia Silverbrook, and... In 1927 by Oleg Losev listed inventors the inventor first person listed in the USPTO records $ 40,000+.... Shown in the USPTO in 1998 lamps and seven-segment displays since 1968 new overview of inventors. Inventors '', 2000, time Magazine published a list of the `` top five inventors '' that... It no longer publishes rankings of inventions is often not apparent until many decades after the is! 2018, about 5 % have 7 or more inventors for practical reasons – there other. Of the patent for a certain period of time following table file application wholesale price is the cost-effective... Weekly, monthly, and government and educational institutions, even after his death in 1931 been a question the... First person listed in the next several paragraphs are based on the,. Led ) invented in 1927 by Oleg Losev WIPO assumes no responsibility respect! Commodity in the next several paragraphs are based on the complexity of the ’! Don ’ t affiliated with an Organization 1998 the number of applications received by offices of these.!

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