Describe the difference between Native and European land use views. participation in the program reduced feelings of hopeless ness and suicidal thoughts compared to a control group. Believing in the importance of cooperation and sharing may place native American children at an advantage with Whites in competitive academic and non academic contexts in which they are expected to compete with and outperform others? Despite the emphasis on social harmony and cooperation what is fairly pervasive in many of their communities? Egalitarian. Moved 2 times a year. What did Whites do in order to drive indigenous people away from the lands wanted by settlers? They change over time. From a Native American perspective, the initial intentions of Europeans were not always immediately clear. The ideas and history attached to the word can alter the connotation. It is important to remember that any given Native American client may or may not adhere to or embrace any of these cultural values or characteristics? native americans traditionally solve probelms by family members working together to resolve problems; family therapy emphasis on relationships is culturally congruent with native american values and likely will be more effective. there appears to be more acceptance of homosexuality among most native american tribes relative to mainstream, white america? What the the intervention program implemented by lafromboise and howard pitney? sharing one's food and possessions with others. Europeans viewed the Indians as education, and with poor practices like their legislation, economics, government, style of living, faith, real estate ownership. slaughtering thousands of buffaloes from the northern plains area, knowing he was reducing a critical source of food and clothing material for indigenous people. Given that some freedoms afforded to Native American children may seriously jeopardize their safety, requiring therapists to skillfully do what? Native American and White adolescents considered themselves to be gay or lesbian fairly equally? conflicts about ethnic identity and internalized racism. What is the population of Native Americans? Pleistocene Overkill and Ice Age retreat. Native Americans Pre-Contact (Prior to 1492) • Over 10,000 years before Columbus, people came to the Americas via the Bering Strait • Native Americans developed a wide variety of social, political, and economic structures based upon interactions with each other and the environment. ", Gene's expereinces with David had exposed him to the larger culture's general alck of acceptance of homosexuality. Soon we heard strapping. During the colonization of the Americas in the 1600s and 1700s, while European settlers searched for places to settle and thrive, they had numerous encounters with Native Americans. Describe the difference between Native and European lines of descent/family. Modern historians no longer see the encounters between Native Americans and Europeans through the old lens in which “discoverers of a New World” find a “wilderness” inhabited by “savages.” What kind of people did Natives figure out that the spaniards were? How many distinct tribes are within the United States? How many native americans are less than 30 years of ? At least 168 of the roughly 250 Native American languages have non-disparaging terms for those who do not identify either male or female. How is his friendship with david making him feel? to be able to believe that their customs are not inferior, their religious beliefs are no less valid than other religious beliefs, and their identity as Native American is positive and worth having. no indian nation or tribe within the U.S. territory would be acknowledged or recognized as an independent nation with whom the U.S. government could negotiate via treaties. What was the goal of the educational and missionary programs? The Native Americans originally considered trying to become allies with the English, but as time went on, a war would emerge between Natives and the English settlers as to control the land. The Native Americans had an old way of thinking and doing things compared to the new and comparatively modern ways of Europe. Negative, positive, or neutral. as part of the acculturation assessment, it is important to determine clients psychological mindedness and understanding of the purpose of therapy. and find homework help for other European Exploration of America questions at eNotes The _________ the population the more likely the society was a _____________ society. Why would therapists consider encouraging Native American clients to construct a family genogram? entailed role playing, self-esteem building, identifying feelings and stress, and setting personal and community goals. All Native Americans tribes believe that all nature is interconnected what? the clients' educational history, employment history, religion, language, tribal affiliation, political participation, social relations, and daily lives. rearing children; that is a child's biological father has more responsibility tending to his nieces and nephews on his sisters' side of the family than to his own children. This is the currently selected item. Native American Life Pre-Contact- There were many diverse Native American people before the arrival of Europeans. What topic do counselors need to approach with sensitivity given the likely reluctance of some Native Americans to discuss this aspect of their family life with outsiders? The Native American 's encounters with European colonists led to different interactions between the two, as well as a development of varied relationships. 1790 Act granted what to Native Americans? What did the Trade and Intercourse Act of 1790 do? These grains, including wheat, oats, rye, and a wide range of other grasses, took to North American soil in much the same way that crab‐grass and weeds attack a carefully tended lawn. "In the Southwest, first contact between native people and Europeans occurred in 1539," Liebmann said. Some Indian communities were approached with respect and in turn greeted the odd-looking visitors as guests. Appalled by the treatment of the natives --> contempt inspired him to become a monk in the Dominican Order. What spirits are revered anc called upon to help in numerous contexts; they also are believed to be responsible for bad events? Where did there perception of time diverge from? In the trail of tears how many native americans died along the way? This was largely due to the difference in their cultures and backgrounds. Lesson summary: Native American societies before contact. ", What is the U.S. legal definition of "indigenous?". Native American identity in the United States is an evolving topic based on the struggle to define "Native American" or "(American) Indian" both for people who consider themselves Native American and for people who do not.Some people seek an identity that will provide for a stable definition for legal, social, and personal purposes. Bias, history of words and the way you perceive them. What is a common problem among many Native Americans? What do they mostly believe they have little control over regarding events and therefore what? How did Europeans perceive Native Americans as? led the guilty boys to a large room where he locked them up without any food. Native Americans who abuse alcohol is greater than the percentage of non Naive Americans who abuse alcohol, the percentage of Native Americans who abstain from alcohol consumption also is larger than in the greater population? ), and the Woodland period (1000 b.c.–1600 a.d.). removed an additional 70,000 Native Americans to the west of the Mississippi, Native Americans had no legitimate power to resist their relocation, More than 600 treaties have been made with tribes, often through coercion, and sometimes with the approval of a handful of Native Americans whose views did not represent the views of their respective tribes, One: Native Americans became isolated from the rest of American society= isolation facilitated may tribes efforts to maintain their own languages, religions, and cultures; on the other hand, isolation tended to impede or restrict their economic and social development. What's the Western Point of view of Shamans? Maize, or Indian corn, was perhaps the most important of them. they had to leave their families and tribes and be sent to live in a boarding school. little control over life events and do not worry about the passage of time, would not plan to meet with tribe members or others at a specific time or day; meet with others only if they happened to encounter the person; likewise ceremonies and other important occasions began when everyone was present and was ready for them to begin; the occasions would end when everyone felt like it was time for them to end. What were two broad treatment goals with Gene? What is the Background information on Gene? What is usually involved in problems of domestic violence and suicide? Describe the difference between Native and European values of group/society. accordance with natural events such as seasons. a family genogram as a means for helping the therapists understand the family structure and roles within the clients' tribe. around 9 million at the time of European contact. Although to modern observers this policy looks both patronising and racist, the white elite that dominated US society saw it as a civilising mission, comparable to the work of European missionaries in Africa. Spanish conquistador turned monk, sailed with Columbus on 3rd expedition, sense of shock and contempt inspired him to become a monk, mid 1500s- wrote scathing account of the Americas for the king Conquistador that sailed with Columbus on the 3rd voyage. What type of approach do parents have in rasing their children based on their view that learning will occur as a child experiences natural consequences for problematic behaviors or poor decisions they have made? Describe the difference between Native and European gender roles/ positions in society. Focused on hunting. those attempting to practice both forms of religion often tworn between what? the next morning she questioned him as to whether he was the only boy involved. Native Americans are five times more likely to die from alcohol related causes than non-Native Americans? consider enlisting the aid of family members to actively discourage individuals from resorting to suicide in response to problems ; this form of intervention takes advantage of the collectivistic identity and sensitizes them to the idea that suicide is it its own way a selfish act that ultimately hurts their family and loved ones. both positive experiences with new opportunities to learn about divers world views and customes, along with negative experiences, incdluing encounters with individuals who may condemn him for his sexual flexibility and possibly his Native american heritage. What does Trible suggest therapist inquire? Native Americans had lived in what is now called North, Central, and south America for how long prior to the arrival of Europeans? Permanent structures that were multi purpose. How many non-native americans drink alcohol regularly? What did these discussions help gene better understand? Only 20-30% of all Native Americans live on a reservation. Boarding schools of that nature exist because of what? share some personal, appropriate information about themselves with the clients during the first interview. Factors that may place some Native americans at even greater risk for suicide include what? How many times are they more likely to commit suicide than the rest of the population? In 1636, the Pequot Warover trade expansion broke out between Pequot Indians and English settlers of Massachusetts Bay and Connecticut. Who introduced alcohol to Native Americans? Other example of Hopi boys and girls caught having sex while at boarding school. There is a single dominant religion among Native Americans? Eahc boy received from fifteen to thirty lashed with a rawhide the number depending on his age; the girls were taken to another room and paddled. They resisted the efforts of the Europeans to gain more of their land and control through both warfare and diplomacy.But problems arose for the Native Americans, which held them back from their goal, including new diseases, the slave trade, and the ever-growing European population in North America. When did more than 10,000 cherokee, choctaw, chickasaw, creek, and seminole indians forced to leave their sacred homelands and burial grounds in the southern are of the u.s. and travel mostly by foot to oklahoma? Alcohol-related mortality is six times higher among Native Americans than the rest of the U.S. population. BIA selected how many native americans to be relocated to urban areas in various parts of the country? Before and during the colonial period of North America, Native American women had a role in society that contrasted with that of the settlers.Many women were leaders in Native American tribes. How many are self-identified as Native American in the 2000 Census? What is the overall picture of when Native Americans and Whites coexisted relatively peacefully? Finally, he broke down and gave her a long list of names, which she turned over to Mr.Burton the superintendent. "We found that disease didn't really start to take effect until after … From 1879 to 1978 tribal elders were informed what about Native American children? Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. according to the best available studies on sexuality most individuals are what? Start studying AP U.S History - Chapter 1 - Native Americans & European Contact. Some tribes had developed what types of sophisticated systems? Native Americans tend to link their identity with what? convince parents of the need to alter some of their parenting practices without causing the parents to react defensively or resist an outsider's directions. Among the Hopi, maternal uncles have primary responsibility for what? The colonists’ Indian allies joined them in battl… Native Americans and colonization: the 16th and 17th centuries. judging Native Americans' flexible approach to sexuality and another one is that therapists need to inoculate gay, lesbian, or bisexual native Americans from the larger society's negative attitudes toward homosexuality by encouraging them to resist mainstream America's ideas in this regard. The English and Native American relationship changed drastically due to two main factors: English seeking religious freedom and economic prosperity. 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